Egusi belongs to the family of water melons. They grow in gourds which are mainly cultivated for their seeds as the flesh is neither sweet nor edible. Egusi seeds are small and flat. One end of the seed is rounded while the other is tapered.
Egusi, when ground into powder, is the main ingredient in the following Nigerian soups used in eating fufu meals:
- Egusi Soup (Caking Method)
- Egusi Soup (Fried Method)
- Ofe Achara (with Akpuruakpu Egusi, Mgbam)
Nutrition value of egusi seeds
Egusi seeds are rich in oil and protein thereby making them a dietary supplement.
Melon seeds properly stored with the shells can last for very long periods of time. It is best stored in air-tight containers. This is to keep out weevils and moisture. If the melon seeds are shelled, they do not last as long because in this state, it is easier for them to pick up moisture and become mouldy.
Ground melon seeds should be used immediately but if stored in very cold temperatures, it can last up to a month and still retain its taste.